A GOOD YARN
A GOOD YARN IS A PLAY ABOUT THE HISTORY OF LOBETHAL
AND ESPECIALLY ABOUT THE HISTORY OF THE ONKAPARINGA
WOOLLEN MILL WHICH HAS BEEN CENTRAL TO THE
DEVELOPMENT OF THE TOWN.
THE PLAY WAS DEVELOPED FROM RESEARCH WRITTEN AND ORAL
WHICH WAS CONDUCTED OVER A SIXTEEN WEEK PERIOD FROM
RESEARCH HAVE BEEN LODGED WITH THE ORAL HISTORY
COLLECTION OF THE MORTLOCK LIBRARY OF
TWENTY SIX ACTORS TOOK PART IN THE ORIGINAL PRODUCTION
AND ALL, WITH THE EXCEPTION OF THE AUTHOR WHO APPEARED
IN TWO VERY SMALL ROLES AND THE PRODUCTION MANAGER,
WERE LOCAL HILLS ACTORS. SEVERAL WERE FROM THE TOWN OF
LOBETHAL AS WAS MOST OF THE PRODUCTION TEAM.
TWO BANDS UNDER THE DIRECTION OF ANDREW RICHARDSON, A
VICTORIAN MUSICIAN, SUPPLIED THE WONDERFULLY VARIED MUSICAL
SUPPORT. THESE WERE THE ONKAPARINGA VALLEY BAND WHICH IS
LOCATED IN LOBETHAL AND A ROCK AND ROLL BAND ESPECIALLY
FORMED FOR THE PROJECT FROM
CENTENNIAL HALL LOBETHAL WAS THE VENUE AND THIS OLD CINEMA
WAS TRANSFORMED INTO A LIVE VENUE FOR THE PERFORMANCE
SEASON. THE PRODUCTION TEAM BUILT TWO ROSTRA LEVELS OUT
FROM THE STAGE AND THE FOREFRONT OF THE STAGE WAS USED
AS WELL GIVING THREE LEVELS OF ACTING. THE BANDS WERE
LOCATED EITHER SIDE OF THE ACTING AREA. RAKED SEATING WAS
INSTALLED AND WHAT HAD STARTED OFF AS A BARN OF AN OLD HALL
BECAME A NICE VENUE TO PERFORM OR BE AUDIENCE IN. THE SENIOR
CITIZENS HALL NEXT DOOR WAS THE SUPPER VENUE FOR INTERVAL.
THE STYLE OF ACTING WAS BIG AND MOSTLY OUT FRONT.
MONOLOGUES WERE MAINLY ON MICROPHONE WITH MUSICAL BACKING.
THE PRODUCTION AT ALL TIMES TRIED TO BRIDGE THE GAP BETWEEN
AUDIENCE AND ACTORS AND INVOLVE THE AUDIENCE AS A PART OF THE
THE ACTORS AND MUSICIANS APPEARING IN A GOOD YARN RANGED IN AGE
FROM 14 UP TO THE 60S. THERE WERE A NUMBER OF COMBINATIONS OF
MOTHERS AND DAUGHTERS AND BROTHERS AND SISTERS ONSTAGE. THE
PLAY WAS ABOUT LOCAL HISTORY WITH LOCAL PEOPLE PERFORMING AND
THE "OWNERSHIP" OF THE MATERIAL BY THE CAST WAS VERY STRONG.
Musical Director/ComposerAndrew Richardson
Designer/Production ManagerAlan Holy
Todd GrantJulia Barnard
Jorin DerksJohanna Selth
Alan SandarsHeidi Sandars
Sarah JeffriesNatalie Pfeiffer
Sheila BrownGlen Liebelt
Laurens DerksSally van Zelst
Peter StaffordMax Oswald
Beverly GraeberSharon Kemp
Gerard van RysbergenAlan Holy
Mandy PaussaEmily Doolan
Jessica RolevinkWendy Rolevink
Cecil MitchellBrenton Kowald
Gavin O'LoughlinGuitar & Keyboards
LightingBob Brown: Grant
PropsClint Prior &
Poster DesignStudents at Oakbank
PhotographySharon Kemp: Alan Holy:
Staff and students of
Workers and Management at the Onkaparinga Woollen Mill and especially
Cyril Zilm: Kim Clark: Keith Gilbert and
the Amalgamated Footwear and Textile Workers'
German translations: Maestro Clarrie Size and The Onkaparinga Valley Band:
Crisp: Gavin O'Loughlin: Ivan Marek and all staff at
Dean Heyne: D
this project: All the people we interviewed: Harvest Theatre Co.: Junction
Theatre Co.: Wally and Isa Henschke: All the mums and Dads for dropping
and picking up the kids for workshops and rehearsals.
Webber's Pharmacy, Lobethal: Gumeracha General Store: Oakbank Antiques:
Special Thanks to Mary Anne Hunter and Howard Boerth.
We gratefully acknowledge the support of The Australia Council: Central Region
Cultural Authority: The Amalgamated Footwear and Textile
trades and Labour Council of S.A.: The ACTU
OPENING SONG. LOBETHAL. LIGHTS DOWN. MACHINE SOUNDS
ARE HEARD AND THEN THE LIGHTS COME UP ON A MACHINE
WORKING. CROSS FADE TO BOARD ROOM.
Pass the port, Percy.
Here today to decide ... err ... To decide ... Is there an agenda?
Certainly Sir Cedric.
Err ... What's on it.
Closure of either Warnambool or Lobethal.
MACHINE SOUNDS. CROSS FADE TO MACHINES.
General Investments regrets to announce that the Onakaparinga
Woollen Mill at Lobethal is closing because this plant is surplus to
CROSS FADE TO BOARDROOM.
Oh? Whose idea was that.
Really? Where's Lobethal?
MACHINE SOUNDS. CROSS FADE TO MACHINES.
While the Board Of Directors of the company is fully aware of the distress
this will obviously cause to employees of Onkaparinga Woollen Mill, the
prevailingeconomic climate in
makes rationalisation of the company's operations imperative. The decision
to close the Lobethal Mill was only taken after the most thorough and
exhaustive deliberations by the board and senior management of the company.
CROSSFADE TO BOARDROOM
Oh, Onkaparinga. Do we own them?
Then why are we closing them down?
Not closing, sir. Rationalising.
THE EXECUTIVES FALL ASLEEP ONE BY ONE.
Oh, good show. Where's this other place?
Warnambool is in
Why don't we close that instead?
That's what this board meeting has to decide, sir.
Do we move the Lobethal operation to Warnambool or the Warnambool
operation to Lobethal.
What's the difference?
Lobethal has a hundred and twenty year history and a skill level amongst its
workforce second to none in
and the finish of its products can't be matched by any other plant. Including
MACHINE SOUNDS. CROSS FADE TO MACHINES.
It is with deep regret that General Investments makes this announcement
and the company is fully aware of the debt it owes to its loyal employees
at the Lobethal plant. With this in mind, General Investments is offering a
generous package to relocate these employees at Warnambool
CROSS FADE TO BOARD ROOM
All in favour of moving Warnambool to Lobethal.
Err ... the mill, sir.
You're moving the mill sir. Not the town.
Oh, are we? Right. All in favour of moving Warnambool to Lobethal,
err, Warnambool to Lobethal mill? Wake up damn you. I'll say it again.
All in favour of moving ...err Lobethal to Warnambool?
THE EXECUTIVES FALL ASLEEP AGAIN.
LIGHTS DOWN ON BOARD ROOM. MACHINE SOUNDS.
LIGHTS UP ON MACHINE. SPECIAL ON CYRIL
Fellow workers, we are here today to decide whether or not we
should take the company's offer and move with them to
MACHINE STOPS. "
After a hundred and twenty years of making profits for the company
here in Lobethal, they expect us to,leave everything we know and love
up here in the Adelaide Hills and move to the town of
MACHINE STOPS. "WARNAMBOOL?" IT STARTS AGAIN.
They expect us to uproot from our families and friends. To destroy
relationships between families that sometimes go back generations
and to move so we can continue making profits for the company like
we have for the last hundred and twenty years. Make no mistake
about it, they need us in Warnambool. They need our craft and
expertise that's been built up here in the past hundred and twenty
years and passed down from generation to generation. They need us
and they needour skills if they are to continue producing quality woollen
products like we've been producing here all these years. They are very
kindly offering to let us move to
MACHINE STOPS. "
We can sell our houses here and buy more expensive ones when
we get to Warnambool, leave our families, our friends, our town,
us what we are, we can leave all this behind because they want to
close our mill in their quest for more profits and a leaner and hungrier
industry. Fellow workers, what is our answer to General Investments?
MACHINE STOPS AND GIVES ITS ANSWER.
SONG- WHO KNOWS WHAT THE FUTURE HOLDS?
Welcome to the first day of school for the year 2021. In history this year
I have some fascinating projects. Hands up all the students who are new
little project I have in mind
SPOT OUT ON TEACHER. LIGHTS UP ON KIDS
Worse. Local History!
What an assignment!
Research the history of the Lobethal woollen mill
The Lobethal what?
So? What's to research?
I've seen it. The buildings are real old.
How do you research a building?
It says here, "Research the history of the town of
Where do we start?
The library I suppose.
THE BOOK APPEARS.
1Wow. Look at the size of that!
This is the new special type of book they're using in history this year.
What's special? It's just Biiiiiiiig!
Nah. You turn the page and you can talk to people from the past.
No, really. You watch.
THE KID OPENS THE BOOK. WELYN AND MARJ APPEAR.
Oh, hello. What year is it?
It's 2021 Welyn.
I heard, Marj.
You've opened the book at the wrong place. You have to go back to the
beginning to find out about the plant.
When were you there?
I retired in 1990 after 51 years at the plant.
Did they have this woollen mill back in the dark ages in 1990?
one hundred and twenty years further back than that.
It was the Lobethal Tweed Factory then.
But you're getting ahead of yourself. Go back.
THE KIDS TURN BACK THE PAGES.
You're not far enough back. You must go back to the beginning to understand.
Who are you?
When were you there?
I'm Charles Frederick Aufderheid. In 1928 I was the first shop steward at the mill.
The Onkaparinga Woollen Mill?
That's right. You'll hear my story later. Go back.
THEY TURN BACK MORE PAGES. AS EACH CHARACTER FINISHES,
THE KIDS TURN BACK MORE PAGES AND THE NEXT CHARACTER
Rose Gerhardy. I worked at the Onkaparinga Clothing company which
became the Onkaparinga Woollen Mill. worked there between 1911
and 1962. But you need to go further back. Talk to old Daddy Redpath.
Och aye the noo. Redpath's the name and woollen mills was me game.
First manager when the mill really became established. You need to go further back than me.
Anna Ey. Wife of one of the early Lutheran pastors in Lobethal. I had 16 children.
Further back still.
Kleinschmidt's the name. I built the first government offices in
here as well. but you need to go further back still.
Johann Hentschke, I was one of the original settlers and my family is still in Lobethal
today. You must go further back
Why do we need to go back further if you were one of the original settlers?
Because you need to understand what lead to a bevy of German settlers coming
out here and settling in a place called Lobethal. That's why. Why do you think we did?
Because we were persecuted for our religious beliefs, that's why. Go back further!
MORE PAGES ARE TURNED. SMOKE. BLACKOUT. MUSIC STARTS. PIN
SPOTS ON BOOK. THE SPIRIT OF AGES PAST APPEARS WHEN THE
LIGHTS COME UP, ALL HISTORICALCHARACTERS WE HAVE SEEN
SO FAR ARE DANCING. THE SPIRIT JOINS THEM AS THE KIDS STAND
AND WATCH IN AMAZEMENT. MUSIC FADES AND HISTORICAL
CHARACTERS DANCE OFF. SPIRIT AND KIDS REMAIN ONSTAGE.
Hey, wooby woobah, get down, what year is it?
Two thousand and twenty one? You know it's two years since anyone
took out this book. Groovy Baby, freedom.
Who are you?
The spirit of ages past. Wow. You want to know something? The history
of Lobethal? The beginning? Last year? 1900? Just ask
This history book is really weird
We want to know about the whole history.
The whole box and dice? The complete shooting match? Hey baby,
we are going to have a ball
TABLEAUS ARE SET UP
Ladies and gentlemen, introducing the story of.
Valley of praise. Tonight we will tell you tall tales and true about
Stories about how the town came to be About early days on the farms.
LIGHTS UP ON FARMING TABLEAU. DOWN
About the history of the mill.
LIGHTS UP ON MILL TABLEAU. DOWN.
About Kumnick's cricket bat factory.
LIGHTS UP ON CRICKET TABLEAU. DOWN.
About people past and present.
LIGHTS UP ON TWO CHARACTERS WHO CHANGE TOP HAT
AND BIKE HELMET. DOWN.
About the day the union came to the mill.
LIGHTS UP ON CHARLES AUFDERHEID AND DADDY REDPATH
AT LOGGERHEADS. DOWN.
About all this and so much more. About what makes Lobethal.
But first we need to start at the beginning.
LIGHTS DOWN. SPOTLIGHT ON KING FREDERICK WILLIAM 3
I King Frederick William the third declare the unification of the Lutheran
church and the Calvinist church.
GENERAL LIGHTING UP TO REVEAL TWO MOBS. ONE PRO AND
ONE ANTI UNIFICATION. THEY BEGIN TO CHANT SOFTLY AS KW 3
CONTINUES HIS SPEECH.
Henceforth let it be known that they are one and indivisable. I, King
Frederick William 3 of Prussia, declare that I am head of the church as
well as head of state. Let it be known that I will brook no opposition. None!
He's been trying this on for years.
The catechism, sacraments and litany of the church shall be as I decree.
If anyone dares oppose me....
THE PRO UNIFICATION MOBS CHANT SWELLS TO A ROAR.
What do we want? Unification
When do we want it? Now. X 3
THE ANTI UNIFICATION MOBS CHANT SWELLS TO A ROAR.
William 3 is a fink
We don't want him
For our kink.
Stop it! Stop it at once. Restrain those people. Stop them.
THE PRO UNIFICATION MOB AND THE GUARDS MOVE
VIOLENTLY IN SLOW MOTION TOWARDS THE FRITSCHE
MOB. JUST AS THE TWO GROUPS ARE ABOUT TO CLASH,
DRUMBEAT, BLACKOUT MUSIC. WAGNER. LIGHTS UP ON
KING SITTING DEJECTEDLY.
(enters) Sir, sir, King William your mighty majesty. The peasants are revolting.
You're telling me?
No no. I mean they're a riot.
I find them most unfunny.
It's an insurrection.
Haven't had one for years.
It's a rebellion. a ... a civil war.
They seem most uncivil to me.
You've got to do something.
What do you suggest?
Um ... err ... Make another speech.
LIGHTS DOWN. SPOTLIGHT ON KW 3
... and furthermore, I decree that opponents of unification shall forfeit
their property to the crown. Their rights of citizenship shall be revoked
and they shall be deprived of their liberty until they repent
SPOTLIGHT ON FRITZCHE
You do not have the authority
Pastors who transgress against my decree shall be extremely harshly dealt with.
I refuse to recognise your authority
Especially you, Fritzsche.
I recognise no authority before god.
I'm warning you, Fritzsche.You will regret the day you were born
SPOTLIGHT OUT ON KW 3
to the whims of despotic rulers. We have the right to free association. To
decide for ourselves where and how we will worship our god. How can this
man sitting on his throne in his palace far away ever understand our needs.
My congregation and congregations of people, now called dissenters by this
one man's decree, have been good citizens. Now they are called criminals
for worshipping their god as they see fit.
LIGHTS UP ON REST OF SCENE.
I defy you!
I defy your authority.
Seize him. Throw him in jail and bring me the key. Pluck out his eyes.
Boil him in oil.
MUSIC. KEYSTONE COPS SCENE AS FRITZSCHE DODGES AROUND
THE STAGE PURSUED BY GUARDS. HE IS HIDDEN IN VARIOUS
CREATIVE WAYS. FINALLY THE GUARDS TRAP FRITZCHE. MUSIC
Have you seen Pastor Fritzche anywhere?
I am Pastor Fritzche.
We haven't time to play the fool, peasant.
MUSIC BEGINS AGAIN. FRITSCHE STANDS CENTRE
NONPLUSSED. THE GUARDS DANCE ON. MUSIC FADES
AND THE GUARDS DANCE OUT.
Hey, heavy scene.
There were some pretty heavy dudes around in those days.
Did they throw him in jail?
Nope, it just made the pastor come out faster
These cats will tell you.
LIGHTS UP ON PARISHIONERS
Pastor Fritzsche spent eight years as a clandestine preacher
Travelling from place to place, constantly hiding from the law
Being hidden by supporters. it was no life for a dog
LIGHTS UP ON FRITZSCHE.
I'm sick of this. I give up.
You renounce your heresy?
My congregation want to leave and settle overseas.
Only if I can take my congregation with me
Anything. Just get out and stop bugging me.
We will leave
MUCH CHEERING AND ENTHUSIASM.
But first we must find the money to go. Psst! Hoy, George
Hoot mon, and what can I do for you?
We need money to get to
Och Aye the noo, and if I had the loot, you'd be the first to have a loan,
Pastor. But I've already lent so much to Kavel and the other bonney
German lads and lasses wanting to emigrate that I have not got a bean
LIGHTS DOWN TO SPOT ON ANGAS
I'm a grand fellow and make no mistake about it. I sponsored German
Lutheran migrants because I'm a fellow Christ
rights of all people to freedom of religious worship. It's a grand thing to
help your fellow man, especially at 7 percent interest. Besides, there
might just be a little something in it for me and the South Austral
Company as well.
German lads and lasses are a bonny lot indeed. Strong backs. Good
or should I say goot? farmers. They can turn their hands to anything
from ploughing the land to shearing sheep. And the men are not bad
either. I'm not a gambling man, but if I had to bet my life on someone
making a go of things in a new colony I'd have a canny wee bet on the
GENERAL LIGHTING UP.
I've no got the loot right now myself, Pastor, but I'll talk to people who have
ANGAS DANCES OUT TO BAGPIPE MUSIC.
George Fife Angas was a great friend to the early Lutheran settlers.
At seven percent interest!
LIGHTS DOWN. VOICE IN BLACK: "
Oooooooh. Why are we going to
We must be mad.
We are going to discover Lobethal.
Lober chunder thal. oooooh!
And so the journey continued on its chunderous way
The Skjold arrived in
Here we are in
Let us give thanks the ship's stopped rocking.
We finished up at Hahndorf.
One day a shepherd named Mueller was chasing some sheep.
Come back here you rotten sheep.
HE CHASES THEM ACROSS THE STAGE.
He discovered a valley.
FX SOMETHING DROPPING. CRASH AND CRY.
(spotlight) oooh, I've discovered a valley.
The shepherd came back and reported his find to
The eighteen families
MUSIC. THE EIGHTEEN FAMILIES PROMENADE.
We were eighteen families who decided to make Lobethal our home.
We had left
us. It is hard to leave the things you love and value most. We left our
friends and families, we left our land and our farms to come out to South
families for many generations. Being in Hahndorf, working other people's
land, made most of us feel like we were without roots. As though we had
nowhere to belong. And we needed to belong. We needed land to belong
to, to make us complete once again. The move to Lobethal was our chance
to regain something of what we had lost. To till our own soil and to set up our
own community with the type of family life we knew and loved. We were happy
to move to Lobethal even though we knew it would be a struggle to establish
our farms and the town. We accepted the challenge gratefully and felt
honoured to be put to such a test. This was our chance to make our lives rich
and full again. To see our children grow in the sun in joy and in freedom. Ah,
Lobethal, we are coming to you,
LIGHTS FADE AND COME UP ON KIDS AND SPIRIT
So that's how they came to Lobethal
I don't know why they weren't wanted in Hahndorf.
This is exciting.
What happened next.
The eighteen families drew lots and established the Hufendorf.
The Hufen what?
Dorf. Three acre farmlets.
Is that like Hamlet?
To be or not to be.
LIGHTS DOWN AND SPOTLIGHT ON HENTSCHKE. MUSIC.
Johann Hentschke is my name. We met before. I was one of the original
settlers here in Lobethal. Ah
named the place and what an appropriate name. Here we found a home.
Land of our own to farm. Freedom to worship our god in the way we
chose free from the whims of a despotic ruler. It wasn't all ale and
German sausage though, it's a hard country this
to what we were used to at home . So dry and so hot here in the summer
it could break your heart. But we persevered. And we stuck with what we
knew, Mixed farming, before long we had sheep and cattle, vegetables and
fruit, wheat corn and rye, hops and barley. Oh we were happy here raising
our families, tending our farms, building our church and worshipping our God.
SPOTLIGHT OUT OU HENTSCHKE. SPOTLIGHT ON ANNA EY.
My name is Anna Ey and I was the pastor's wife in Lobethal for many years.
Life was so different when I lived here in the nineteenth century. Just going to
used to walk from Lobethal to
products at the market. They'd carry these big willow baskets on their heads.
Sixteen miles they'd walk through the bush to get there. Then, when they'd sold
what they had to sell, they'd buy the things they needed for their households
and walk home again. They did that year round in all sorts of weather. If you
wanted to get to
Woodside, get the mail coach to Balhannah, walk to Hahndorf and then catch
the coach to
each way. Life was hard in the old days, but people looked after one another
and life was rich and full.
SPOTLIGHT OUT. MUSIC FADES. GENERAL LIGHTING UP.
Sounds like they were happy people.
Sure they were. Mostly.
You heard about the dancing?
That's the latest.
It was around then too.
Every generation thinks it invented sin. See, these Lutherans at that time
weren't supposed to do things like dancing.
I kid you not, kid. They reckoned it was worldly and worldly things
were a no no. Watch.
WEDDING MARCH. BRIDE AND GROOM PROMENADE.
WEDDING GUESTS WATCH AND CLAP. WEDDING
MARCH ENDS. GENERAL HUBBUB FROM WEDDING GUESTS.
The bride was so lovely.
HUBBUB FROM WEDDING GUESTS. POLKA BEGINS.
BRIDE AND GROOM BEGIN TO DANCE. TWO OTHER
COUPLES JOIN THEM.
It is forbidden
THEIR FEET ARE BEGINNING TO TAP. TWO BY TWO
THEY JOIN THE DANCE. PARISHIONER 3 REMAINS.
FRITZSCHE COMES FORWARD.
You must stop this.You must stop this dancing. It is forbidden.
It is worldly. Stop this dirty dancing.
THE DANCE GOES FROM A POLKA TO MODERN DIRTY
PARISHIONER 3 COMES FORWARD AND JOINS FRITZSCHE.
I cannot look upon this scene of debauchery any longer. It is worldly.
It is worldly.
It is dirty dancing.
FRITZSCHE AND PARISHIONER 3 EXIT. THE DANCE CONTINUES
FOR A MOMENT AND THEN ENDS. LIGHTS DOWN AND UP ON KIDS
Another heavy scene.
He got pretty upset that pastor.
Did that really happen.
SpiritMore or less. We take a few liberties in these history books
days. People thought and behaved differently, just like they'll
behave differently a couple of hundred years after you're in the
pages of the history books. It wasn't funny at the time even
though it seems so now. It all caused pretty big hassles in
Lobethal. People were excommunicated. It led to a breakaway
church being formed. Would you believe they finished up with
four Lutheran churches here in Lobethal? But whatever church
people belonged to, religion played a real big part in those early
ONSTAGE AND WATCH.
That was beautiful.
Those German people know how to sing. Always wonderful singers.
We're supposed to find out about the woollen mill.
Kleinschmidt's the man to talk to.
SPOTLIGHT ON KLEINSCHMIDT
Yes I am too. I was a builder and a businessman. I built
church, with a little bit of help from my friends, and I also built the
first brewery. In 1869 I closed my brewery and sold the equipment
to the Johnson's over in Oakbank. The buildings were standing
empty. Then the Kumnich brothers and I heard about a man named
Kramm who had set up a weaving factory in a small hut over in Hahndorf.
LIGHTS UP ON KRAMM WHO IS SPINNING.
Mr Kramm, sir, what are you doing?
KLEINSCHMIDT AND THE KUMNICH BROTHERS BEGIN TO SPIN.
Stop it! Mr Kramm, sir, my name is Kleinschmidt and these two gentlemen
are the Kumnich brothers. We are here to persuade you to move your
factory to Lobethal.
We offer you more space and financial support from our good selves, Mr. Kramm
Mr. Kramm, We'll float a company.
More space you say?
Mr. Kramm, we have much more.
I've got this machinery and lots more at Port Adelaide. Are you sure
your buildings are big enough.
Oh, we'll cram it in.
LIGHTS UP ON THE CITIZENS
Citizens of Lobethal. I have called you here tonight to put a proposition
to you. If we can raise eighty pounds from our community, we can get
Mr. Kramm to move his tweed factory to Lobethal. It could be the biggest
thing ever to happen in our town. All in favour?
LIGHTS DOWN ON KLEISCHMIDT AND THE CITIZENS
So they raised eighty pounds and paid off the customs duty on
Kramm's machinery which was impounded at Port Adelaide.
And so in 1870 the Lobethal Tweed factory was born. They
threw a party to celebrate.
(Runs on) As long as there is no dancing.
And so the history of Lobethal and the Mill continues.
If you want to read the rest of the script, get in touch
And I'll send it to you.